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                       作者:押沙龍   那一年,被卷入十字軍東征洪流的,不僅僅是貴族騎士,平民們的熱情也更加高漲。   一個披著黑色斗篷的矮個子,
    來源:讀者網 作者:讀者 評論 快捷投稿

                       作者:押沙龍
      那一年,被卷入十字軍東征洪流的,不僅僅是貴族騎士,平民們的熱情也更加高漲。

      一個披著黑色斗篷的矮個子,騎在驢上四處奔波。他到哪里,就把狂熱傳播到哪里。

      這個人就是隱士彼得。他如同一塊巨大的磁石,所到之處,人們像鐵屑一樣紛紛向他聚攏。這個不成功的戰士、不合格的父親、不誠實的教徒,幾個月內奇跡般地成了英雄、圣人和偶像。

      彼得呼吁大家拋開世俗的羈絆,立刻投身東征洪流,大家群起響應。農夫出售葡萄園,工匠出售工具,牧人出售羊群。貧窮到極點的人沒什么好賣的,干脆就拿上一根拐杖上路。

      那是歷史上難得一見的景象:沒有任何武力強迫,成千上萬的人自愿走出家門,去參加萬里遠征。父母給孩子送行,妻子給丈夫送行,他們驕傲地哭泣著。有的人實在難以拋開家庭,就干脆趕上一輛牛車,帶上全家,向東進發。

      很快,這個運動開始有失控的跡象。

      教皇烏爾班二世開始發布命令,想緩和一下這種狂熱。但太晚了,這些指令毫無效力。烏爾班也許創造了十字軍,但他根本無法控制十字軍。

      十字軍運動已經成了一只龐大的盲獸,在歐洲橫沖直撞。

      烏爾班曾經規定:所有的十字軍應該同時出發,在君士坦丁堡統一集結,然后攻入亞洲。這個規定說明,烏爾班當初設想的是一支真正的軍隊。可現在東征已經演變成一場浩大的社會運動。

      這個設想也就全盤落空了。

      破壞這個命令的就是教皇大加贊許的一個人——隱士彼得,但他也是身不由己的。

      隱士彼得獲得了巨大的成功,可他卻被自己的成功壓倒了。追隨他的人越來越多,也越來越急不可耐。更多的人還在接踵而來。

      與其說彼得在率領這4萬人,不如說他陪著4萬人,跌跌撞撞地向東挺進。

      人民十字軍計劃橫穿歐洲大陸,抵達君士坦丁堡,然后從那里渡海前往亞洲。

      首先,他們要穿過匈牙利和保加利亞兩個國家。這兩國也是基督教地區,但與西歐國家交往極少。

      開始的時候,一切還算順利。匈牙利國王同意向十字軍出售補給。十字軍沿著多瑙河一路東進,和平地穿過了匈牙利領土。6月20日,他們抵達匈牙利邊境城市塞姆林。

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    上篇文章:瀟灑的女人

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